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General overview

Stage of development: Implementation

Policy sector: Criminal justice

Date outcomes contract signed: Dec 2016

Start date of service provision: May 2017

Capital raised (minimum): USD 4.60m

Service users: 228 individuals


The intervention is based on the First Step House (i.e. FSH) model, which addresses five major domains defined by the acronym REACH: Recovery, Engagement, Assessment, Career Development, and Housing. The REACH program model was built on the framework of risk-need-responsivity (i.e. RNR) principles, and is designed for adult males assessed as high-risk, high-need who are diagnosed with moderate to severe subtstance disorders. The program aims to address the major criminogenic needs that have the greatest impact on reducing recidivism, including antisocial behaviors, antisocial personality/negative emotionality, antisocial attitudes and cognitions, antisocial associates, problems with school and work, lack of prosocial activities, family and marital problems, and substance abuse. The program has adopted several evidence-based interventions, including MRT, CENAPS Model fo Relapse Prevention, other CBTs, and Motivation Interviewing to attenuate treatment resistance, facilitate mental health treatment through interagency partnerships, provide housing, and career development services.

Target population

18 year-old or older male offenders court ordered to Adult Probation and Parole (i.e. AP&P) probation and who are assessed as high risk as indicated by a LS/RNR score of 20 or higher or a LSI-R score of 24 or higher, with substance abuse disorder (score of 4 or higher on LS/RNR).



  • United States

Service delivery locations

  • Salt Lake County, Utah, USA

Outcome metrics

  • Reduction in statewide arrests. Number of statewide arrests relative to control group over four years. Salt Lake County Jail from the OMS and Bureau of Criminal Identification records.
  • Reduction in incarceration days. Number of days in prison and days in jail relative to control group over four years. Utah Department of Corrections and Salt Lake County Jail.
  • Increase in employment. Average number of quarters for which individual earned at least $850 over a two-year period relative to control group. Unemployment Insurance data collected by Utah Department of Workforce Services.
  • Treatment engagement. Number of hours of engagement in treatment services directly related to criminogenic needs during first 6 months of enrolment. FSH data.
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